ADVANCES IN CARBON CAPTURE, UTILIZATION AND STORAGE (CCUS): STATE OF THE ART
Journal: i TECH MAG (Research Article)
Author: Oghenegare E. Eyankware, Moses O. Eyankware and Ruth O. Ulakpa
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited
Global energy demand for fossil fuel has been projected to increase into the future. As a result, dire environmental challenges are posed to our ecosystem due to increase in carbon emissions. Hence, there is an urgent need to seek clean energy solutions such as Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) that would forestall continuous carbon emission. Therefore, this paper reviewed current global status of CCS plants, economics, policies that would support the business case of CCS and latest breakthroughs recorded in carbon conversion. Accordingly, novel adsorption-based technologies such as Metal Organic Frameworks (MOFs), Mixed Matrix Membranes (MMMs) for carbon capture and economic tools such as carbon tax, carbon credit and progressive financing critical to supporting development of a carbon market and deployment of CCS facilities in Nigeria were extensively discussed. Finally, the paper highlights segments of CCS that should be optimized to facilitate its deployment in West Africa in general and Nigeria in particular.